Arthritis

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is any combination of about 200 rheumatic diseases that affect the joints and the tissues that surround them. It causes inflammation and stiffness in the tissue around the joints.

Arthritis is as unavoidable as it is uncomfortable, often resulting in severe symptoms, like morning joint stiffness, persistent joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, tingling or numbness in extremities, plantar fasciitis, locked joints, and injuries that don’t heal properly.

The symptoms of arthritis vary and sometimes come on gradually, as a group of traits. Those can include symptoms include swelling, inflammation, or stiffness anywhere on the body where joints meet connective tissue, especially upon awakening.

What causes arthritis?

Arthritis can come on with any level of severity at any stage of life, but it most commonly affects aging citizens. Genetics is a prime cause of arthritis, but it can also come from joint damage, obesity, infections, and repetitive motion over the years. Many cases are a combination of factors. In the United States, arthritis is a primary cause of disability, leaving many unable to work for a living or even perform their household tasks.

Here are the common causes of 7 principal arthritis categories:

  1. Inflammatory arthritis is a cluster of diseases that include psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), and ankylosing spondylitis.
  2. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis, like osteoarthritis, is caused by obesity, although could be the result of congenitally abnormal joints.
  3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain is from overuse—think "tennis elbow."
  4. Back pain can be caused by any number of things, from a car accident to overuse.
  5. There are more than 200 disorders associated with connective tissue disease and the causes vary by the different types.
  6. Infectious arthritis occurs when the joints are affected by infection by bacteria, viruses (STDs, Hepatitis C) or fungi and parasites
  7. Metabolic arthritis is caused by excess uric acid, as in the case of gout. Pseudogout occurs when calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) forms crystals in the cartilage of the wrists, knees, hips, shoulders, elbows, finger joints, toes, or ankles.

How does CBD help?

There remains a lack of data and research on the effectiveness of cannabis as a treatment alternative for arthritis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can help arthritis patients live more comfortably. CBD banishes pain and reduces swelling without the potentially life-threatening side effects caused by conventional arthritis pain treatments.

Two studies stand out in the search for how and why cannabinoids, CBD in particular, may help with arthritis pain and inflammation. The first one, conducted by the Canadian Arthritis Society, sought to determine if marijuana can relieve pain or repair arthritic joints. Researchers found that because the pain-detecting nerves possess cannabinoid receptors, cannabinoids mitigate the firing of pain signals by sticking themselves to nerve receptors.

The second study, conducted by the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in the UK, showed that cannabinoids could improve pain on movement, pain at rest, and quality of sleep—three common complaints of the person living with arthritis.

CBD is gaining popularity as a treatment for arthritis. However, Americans with arthritis have restricted access to CBD and definitive information about exactly how CBD helps arthritis.

The second study, conducted by the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in the UK, showed that cannabinoids could improve pain on movement, pain at rest, and quality of sleep—three common complaints of the person living with arthritis.

CBD is gaining popularity as a treatment for arthritis. 

Learn more about how data science is being used to help other medical conditions

Disclaimer: TrueMedicines research is informational and not personal medical advice. Our market research is not medical advice and is not intended diagnose, prevent, treat or cure any diseases. Contact your qualified physician for medical advice.

 

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